23. February 2012 21:46
India traditionally has been a very patriarchial society where men have dominated the socienty since ages. Though after the independance India has had a woman Prime Minister, and a woman President, and women are entering politics in great numbers. However, their future in the political arena is not that bright as of today.
The participation of women in politics is not a new concept in India. The struggle for independence has seen many women revolutionaries playing an important role. The Freedom Movement led many women into the foray of politics and many of them made great sacrifices for the nation.
With the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, Indian women got an equal share in the political administration of India. They are not only part of local and state administration, but are coming forward to participate in national politics as well. They have achieved a very significant role in the Parliament as well.
It is interesting that Indian women leaders attained a clear leadership position only after they set up their own parties (Mayawati, Jayalalitha, Mamata Banerjee) and through the support of their husband or family or dynasty rule (Sonia Gandhi, Vasundhara Raje Scindia, Mehbooba Mufti, Shiela Dixit, Rabri Devi).
In Business & entrepreneurship also, women have emerged as strong contenders for the top posts. Indra Nooyi of Pepsi, Chanda Kochar, the ICICI CEO & Kiran Majumdar Shaw are some of the examples who have shown that women leadership in India has real potential to tapped.
The country's ruling Congress party is led by a woman leader and has been pushing hard for reservation for women. But the Congress party itself does not include more than 10 per cent of women members. The situation of women in Indian politics will not improve till we have made significant changes in the mindset and ideology of the Indian people.